The land of the confluence of two of India’s biggest rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna, Uttar Pradesh is a state endowed with a rich variety of geographical lands and cultural diversities. The state is surrounded by Bihar in the East; Madhya Pradesh in the South; Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, and Haryana in the West; and Uttarakhand and Nepal in the North. It has the longest network of rivers and canals in India supporting a multitude of agricultural activities. The state has the largest network of railways and 2nd largest network of roads in India. The state has a well-developed social, physical, and industrial infrastructure. It also has good connectivity through 48 national highways, six airports, and rail links to all major cities. The state has witnessed a high rate of infrastructure growth in the recent past. There has been a considerable rise in the number of industrial clusters/hubs and Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) projects in the infrastructure domain.

  • 8.80%

    GSDP growth rate, YoY (2018-19)

  • Agriculture and allied activities are a predominant sector in Uttar Pradesh contributing 23% to the state’s GSDP in 2014-15.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the 3rd largest economy contributing 8% to India’s GDP5. The state has one of the highest consumer bases with 16.5% of India’s population.
  • The state is also one of the major producers of horticultural crops and food grains in India which serves as a lucrative base for the food processing industry.

The key production statistics for the state (the year 2015-16) are presented below:

Wheat, Rice, Barley, Bajra, and Sugarcane are the major crops produced in Uttar Pradesh. The state is also, the largest producer of fruits (Mango, Gooseberry, Banana, Guava, Muskmelon, and Watermelon); and vegetables (Potato, Peas, Pumpkin, Pointed gourd, Carrot, and Bottle gourd). At 68.7 mn, Uttar Pradesh has the largest livestock population in India leading to the state is the largest producer of milk in the country.

Production Cluster of the State: -

S. No.





Hardoi, Aligarh, Budaun, Bulandshahar, Shahjahanpur, Azamgarh



Shahjahanpur, Barabanki, Kheri, Siddharth Nagar



Agra, Budaun, Aligarh, Firozabad, Kasganj



Lucknow, Saharanpur, Unnao



Gorakhpur, Kushi Nagar, Fatehpur, Kaushambi, Maharajganj, Barabanki



Bulandshahr, Etah, Meerut, Agra, Aligarh



Aligarh, Firozabad, Etah, Farukkhabad, Kasganj



Agra, Hathras, Firozabad, Kannauj, Aligarh



Jalaun, Lalitpur, Jhansi



Mainpuri, Agra, Etah, Barabanki, Unnao



Budaun, Kasganj, Aligarh, Farukkhabad, Hathras



Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Maharajganj, Saharanpur


As per the Annual Survey of Industries, 2014-15, there are 2,055 registered food processing industry units (FPIs) in the state. As per another study conducted by the National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management for Uttar Pradesh in 2012-13, there are a total of 0.35mn FPIs in the state.

Agricultural markets in Uttar-Pradesh:

  • 250 Regulated markets
  • 225 Rural markets
  • 170 Farmer Producer Organizations
  • 238 Rural godowns
  • 100 mandis Registered with eNAM 364 submarkets

Some of the major processing clusters in the state include:

S. No.




Fruits & vegetables

Agra, Bareilly, Gautambuddhanagar, Lucknow, Muzaffarnagar


Oil milling

Agra, Bareilly, Firozabad, Ghaziabad, Mathura, Muzaffarnagar


Flour milling

Bahraich, Mathura, Meerut, Allahabad


Pulse milling

Bareilly, Agra, Lucknow


Milk & dairy

Agra, Mathura, Allahabad, Bareilly, Kanpur Nagar, Lucknow



Aligarh, Kanpur, Muradabad, Gautambuddhanagar


Rice milling

Barabanki, Rampur, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur, Faizabad


Vegetable oil

Aligarh, Mathura, Sambhal, Lucknow


  • Uttar Pradesh is the second-largest sugar-producing among states in India
  • Uttar Pradesh is recognized as a major milk-producing state in India
  • The dairy sector of the state is anticipated to show enormous growth after the incorporation of the National Dairy Plan (NDP). National Dairy Plan has been introduced in eight districts of Uttar Pradesh namely Meerut, Ambedkar Nagar, Lucknow, Bijnore, Gonda, Farrukhabad, Barabanki, and Faizabad. The plan will encourage the state to introduce scientific measures to increase milk production
  • Uttar Pradesh is one of the most preferred states in the country due to the presence of a bouquet of tourist destinations in the state
  • The state has tremendous potential to increase its biomass energy production in 97,589 villages. the state is the largest producer of sugarcane and the second-largest producer of rice in India, the by-product bagasse and rice husk form the abundant raw material base for power production
  • The largest producer of food grains with a total production of 44,011 thousand tonnes- Rank 1 in production of Wheat; Rank 2 in production of Rice, Bajra, Barley
  • The largest producer of fruits with a total production of 10,296.14 thousand tonnes- Rank 1 in production of Mango, Gooseberry (aonla), Muskmelon and Watermelon; Rank 2 in production of Guava; Rank 4 in production of Banana


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Amroha Hapur Bareilly Pilibhit Bulandshahr Gautam Buddha Nagar Lakhimpur Kheri Budaun Bahraich Shahjahanpur Aligarh Kasganj Mathura Shrawasti Sitapur Hathras Etah Hardoi Farrukhabad Firozabad Siddharthnagar Mainpuri Maharajganj Agra Gonda Barabanki Kushinagar Kannauj Lucknow Basti Gorakhpur Sant Kabir Nagar Unnao Etawah Kanpur Nagar Auraiya Ayodhya Kanpur Dehat Deoria Sultanpur Ambedkar Nagar Rae Bareli Jalaun Azamgarh Mau Fatehpur Ballia Jaunpur Jhansi Banda Ghazipur Kaushambi Prayagraj Varanasi Chitrakoot Chandauli Bhadohi Mirzapur Lalitpur Sonbhadra Amethi Ghaziabad Sambhal Mahoba Saharanpur Bijnor Muzaffarnagar Baghpat Meerut Moradabad Rampur Shamli Balrampur Hamirpur Pratapgarh