Snapshot

The word Manipur means “a jeweled land” and the state was described as the “Jewel of India” by the late Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehrunestles deep within a lush green corner of North East India. In terms of area, Manipur ranks twenty-third among the states of India and fourth in the northeastern states. Imphal is the capital city of Manipur. About 48 km. away from Imphal towards the south-east lies the Loktak Lake, the largest freshwater lake in the North-Eastern Region of India. This lake which covers an area of 216 sq. km. is the largest natural source of fish supply which is one of the important food items of the people of the state. Manipur acts as India's "Gateway to the East" through Moreh and Tamu towns, the land route for trade between India and Burma and other Southeast Asian countries. Manipur has the highest number of handicrafts units and the highest number of craftspersons in the northeastern region of India.

  • 11.70%

    GSDP growth rate, YoY(2019-20)

A major portion of the state is covered by hill ranges. Topographically the state is divided into three major regions: a) Hills, b) Imphal Valley, and c). Barak Basin. Manipur may be characterized in two distinct physical regions - an outlying area of rugged hills and narrow valleys and the inner area represents the features of flat plain topography with all associated landforms.

The agriculture sector has a vital place in the economy of the state. It contributes a major share to the State Domestic Product. However, the performance of agriculture in the state mainly depends on timely rainfall and weather conditions. Permanent cultivation is generally practiced in the valley districts while terrace cultivation is practiced in some pockets of the hills where jhuming or shifting cultivation is widely adopted in most of the hills. Rice is the staple food and is grown in hill and plain areas of Manipur. The development of commercial crops like cotton, kabrangchak, oilseeds, and sugarcane are very essential for enhancing the growth of agro-based industries in the State of Manipur.

Cultivation Areas of Major Agricultural Crops In The State

Sl. No.

Crop

Areas of Availability

1.

Paddy

Available extensively in the hills & plains of the state. Major areas include districts of East Imphal, West Imphal & Tamenglong.

2.

Wheat

All districts of Manipur.

3.

Pulses

All districts of Manipur.

4.

Maize

All districts of Manipur.

5.

Potato

All districts of Manipur.

6.

Sugarcane

All districts of Manipur.

 

Gifted with suitable agro-climatic conditions, Manipur is home to various food and cash crops, fruits, and vegetables. The soil is fertile and suited more particularly in the hills for growing different fruits and vegetables. Organic farming is the most sought-after practice in the hill areas.

Pineapple, passion fruit, and mushroom naturally grow. They are also commercially cultivated. Bamboo shoots and ginger are available in plenty. Manipur has vast potentials for the commercial plantation of fruits like lemon, lime, orange, pineapple, banana, passion fruit, amla, olive, figs, mandarin, etc.). The quality of pineapple (both Queen and Kew varieties) is distinct with unique taste and flavour. So far, identified potential area for cultivation is estimated at 2,77,064 Hectares. Out of this, about 70,499 Hectares are covered under different crops.

Cultivation Areas of Major Horticulture Crops in the State

Sl. No.

Crop

Areas of Availability

A.

Fruit Crop

1.

Passion Fruit

Districts of Senapati, Churachandpur, Chandel, and Ukhrul.

2.

Banana

Districts of Tamenglong and Jiribam.

3.

Oranges

Districts of Tamenglong, Churachandpur, and Jiribam.

4.

Lime Lemon

Districts of Ukhrul, Tamenglong, Churachandpur, and Senapati.

5.

Pineapple

Districts of Churachandpur and Thoubal.

6.

Citrus

Districts of Chandel and Jiribam.

7.

Tapioca

Districts of Ukhrul, Chandel, Churachandpur, Tamenglong, and Senapati.

8.

Cashewnut

Districts of Tamenglong and Jiribam.

9.

Coconut

District of Jiribam.

10.

Plum

Districts of Senapati and Ukhrul.

11.

Pear

Districts of Senapati and Ukhrul.

12.

Peach

Districts of Senapati and Ukhrul.

B.

Vegetable Crop

1.

Cauliflower

Districts of Imphal West, Imphal East, Bishnupur, and Thoubal.

2.

Cabbage

Districts of Imphal West, Imphal East, Bishnupur, Thoubal, Ukhrul, Churachandpur, and Senapati.

3.

Tomato

Districts of Imphal West, Imphal East, Thoubal, Senapati, and Churachandpur.

4.

Pea

Districts of Imphal West, Bishnupur, Ukhrul, Chandel, Churachandpur, Tamenglong, and Senapati.

6.

French Bean

Districts of Imphal West, Imphal East, Bishnupur, Ukhrul, Chandel, Churachandpur, and Senapati.

7.

Lady’s Finger

Districts of Imphal West, Imphal East, Bishnupur, Thoubal, Chandel, Churachandpur, and Tamenglong.

8.

Brinjal

Districts of Chandel, Churachandpur, and Tamenglong.

C.

Spices Crop

1.

Chilli

Districts of Imphal West, Imphal East, Bishnupur, Thoubal, Ukhrul, Churachandpur, Tamenglong, and Senapati.

2.

Ginger

Districts of Ukhrul, Chandel, Churachandpur, Tamenglong, and Senapati.

3.

Turmeric

Districts of Ukhrul, Chandel, Churachandpur, and Tamenglong.

 

Gifted with suitable agro-climatic conditions, Manipur is home to various food and cash crops, fruits, and vegetables. The soil is fertile and suited more particularly in the hills for growing different fruits and vegetables. Organic farming is the most sought-after practice in the hill areas. Pineapple, passion fruit, and mushroom naturally grow. They are also commercially cultivated. Bamboo shoot and ginger are available in plenty

Common horticulture crops grown in the State are Kharif vegetables (French bean, Cucurbits, Tomatoes, Brinjal, Bhindi, Colocecia, Alocacia), Rabi vegetables (Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Pea, Broad bean, Radish, Carrot, Broccoli, lettuce, Capsicum), Spices (Onion, Garlic, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric, Hatkora) Fruits and Plantation Crops (Litchi, Cashew nuts, Wall-nuts, Orange, Lemon, Banana, Pineapple, Passion fruit, Peach, Pear, Plum).

Production Cluster of the State:-

S. No.

Category

Districts

1

Paddy

Tamenglong, Senapati, Ukhrul

2

Maize

Tamenglong, Senapati, Ukhrul

3

Wheat

Malda, Murshidabad, Nadia, Bankura

4

Pulses

Tamenglong, Senapati, Ukhrul

5

Cabbage

Bishnupur, Thoubal, Senapati, Imphal West, Imphal East, Ukhrul, Churachandpur, Tamenglong

6

Peas

Bishnupur, Imphal West, Thoubal, Senapati, Imphal East, Ukhrul, Chandel

7

Eggs

Imphal East, Imphal West, Churachandpur

8

Cauliflower

Thoubal, Bishnupur, Imphal East, Imphal West, Senapat, Chandel, Tamenglong, Ukhrul

9

Tomato

Bishnupur, Thoubal, Imphal East, Imphal West, Senapat, Churachandpur, Chandel,

10

Pineapple

Senapati, Churachandpur, Thoubal, Imphal East, Imphal West, Chandel, Ukhrul, Bishnupur

11

Banana

Senapati, Churachandpur, Tamenglong, Imphal East, Bishnupur, Thoubal, Chandel

12

Milk

Imphal East, Imphal West, Senapati, Bishnupur

13

Passion Fruit

Ukhrul, Senapati, Tamenglong, Chandel, Bishnupur, Imphal West, Thoubal, Imphal East

14

Meat

Imphal East, Imphal West, Ukhrul

The marketing of agricultural produce in Manipur has not been systematically organized. The lion's share of the consumers' rupee goes to the pockets of innumerable middlemen working in between the producer and the ultimate consumer. The agriculturists of Manipur are generally the persons of small means. Their holdings are small and scattered. As such, they have got very little quantity of agricultural produce available individually as a marketable surplus to be disposed off. Obviously, it becomes uneconomical to carry the small quantity of products to the assembling markets located at distant places where middlemen operate at different stages. Under the prevailing practice in the state, farm produce is collected from the producers in the interior villages and are brought to a central point, which is the assembling center, by the womenfolk.

The existing area under cultivation of different crops in Manipur is 2,85,000 hectares as against the available potential area of 3,25,500 hectares. Rice, wheat, maize, oilseeds, potato, and sugar cane, etc. are the main cash crops in the State. Among these crops, the cultivation of the paddy is the largest, both in the plains and hills, and covers 82% of the total cultivated area. Besides the numerous varieties of local rice which are all unique in taste, there are two types that are specific to the State with distinctive scent and flavour and are preferred for Chak-hao pudding preparation Chak-hao-Poireiton (dark violet) and Chakhao (white).

 

Famous Ethnic Food of Manipur

  • Chamthong or Kangshoi – A healthy vegetable stew: This dish is very popular in Manipur. It is a vegetable stew. It consists of seasonal vegetables that are boiled and flavored with sliced onions, cloves, salt, garlic, maroi, and a bit of ginger. This stew is served with rice or fish and is supposed to be consumed piping hot.
  • Eromba – A delightful combination of boiled vegetables and fish: Their cuisine almost always includes a type of fish called Ngari. Eromba is prepared by boiling a tonne of vegetables along with some fermented fish. It is mixed until the texture becomes like a paste. Finally, it is garnished with maroi and a sprinkle of coriander leaves.
  • Morok Metpa – A spicy and delicious chutney: It is hit in Manipur! It is prepared using dried green chilies. The chilies are mashed into a paste and then boiled with some Ngari fish. Once again, it is mashed and then sprinkled with salt.
  • Chak-hao Kheer – The most popular dessert in Manipur: Chak-hao Kheer is a delicious kheer that is prepared on many special occasions in Manipur. It is a pleasing shade of purple and is made using rice, milk, and cardamom powder. It is generally garnished with dried fruits like raisins or other nuts. The flavour of this kheer is delicious.
  • Paaknam: Paaknam is a savoury cake that is prepared from a thick batter of besan, herbs, vegetables and further flavoured with chili and the traditional Ngari. It is finally wrapped up in a banana leaf and steamed. 

Geographical Indication of Agricultural Processing in Manipur :

S. No.

Category

Districts

1

Dairy products and analogues

Imphal East, Bishnupur, Thoubal

2

Cereals and Cereal Products

Imphal East, Imphal West, Bishnupur

3

Bakery Products

Imphal East, Imphal West, Thoubal

4

Fruits and Vegetables

Imphal East, Imphal West, Bishnupur

5

Beverages

Imphal East, Senapati, Churachandpur

 

  • The agro-climatic condition of this State makes it suitable for growing almost all kinds of agricultural and horticultural crops and for setting up food processing industries
  • Manipur has abundant natural resources that offer the potential for the development of many resource-based industries in the state. Due to its wealth of flora and fauna, Manipur is described as a "flower on lofty heights
  • The Government of Manipur has undertaken several infrastructural projects in the State to attract investors
  • Manipur with vast cultural and religious heritage and varied natural attractions has immense potential for growth in the tourism sector

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