The population of Delhi is around 1.4 crores which is causing phenomenal pressure on land, infrastructure, and civic amenities. Availability of rail, road, and air transport, cold storage, processing units, export houses, and a well-established market network, will be helpful for taking up vegetable cultivation in peri-urban areas of Delhi in an organized way. Also, a huge quantity of solid waste generated during handling and marketing of fresh vegetable produce in NCR, Delhi, which is creating health and environmental hazards, can be used or recycled to produce vermicompost, etc., for use in organic vegetable production. Peri-urban vegetable cultivation can provide farmers the possibility to cultivate a small piece of land, and obtain an income to meet their essential and basic needs. In recent years, around big cities, green belts are being developed which can provide a very intensive and profitable network of small farms specialized in the production of perishable vegetables for consumption by the urban consumers.

  • 12.82%

    GSDP growth rate, YoY(2018-19)

Production Cluster of the State:-

S. No.


Revised ODOP


Central Delhi

Bakery Products


New Delhi

Bakery Products


South Delhi

Bakery Products


South East Delhi

Bakery Products


South West Delhi

Milk based products


West Delhi

Bakery Products


East Delhi

Ready to Eat ProductsNamkeens


North Delhi

Ready to Eat ProductsNamkeens


North East Delhi

Ready to Eat ProductsNamkeens


North West Delhi

Milk-Based Products



Ready to Eat ProductsNamkeens

Delhi has five Community Development Blocks comprising 209 villages, of which, 199 villages are inhabited while the remaining 10 villages are uninhabited. Nowadays about half of the NCR area is urban. The rural area of the NCR is divided into five Rural Development Blocks: Alipur (north), Kanjhawla (northwest), Najafgarh (southwest), Mehrauli (south), and Shahdara (east). Out of a total area of 1,47,448 ha, the net sown area is 48,357 ha, diara land 7,000 ha, fallow land 12,886 ha, and cultivable wasteland 10,850 ha. In addition, NCR Delhi has 74,248 ha non-agricultural land, 11,708 ha another uncultivated land, 1,561 ha forest land, 1,267 ha under tree crops and grooves. The total percentage of agricultural land comes to 41.7 percent, 35 percent of the total agricultural land is under vegetable cultivation. The annual collection of vegetables from Delhi farms is around 22 lakh tonnes. This is from around the periphery of the city from where menfolk commute daily to the city and women attend to the needs of peri-urban vegetable cultivation.

Delhi, having an ever-increasing consumer population, requires extra procurement of horticultural produce, particularly vegetables from neighbouring states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. The present-day production of around seven lakh tonnes of vegetables is not sufficient and, as such, intensive vegetable cultivation on available land, on scientific lines, using latest technologies, should be adopted/promoted. Further, additional land, including diara land, has to be reclaimed and brought under vegetable cultivation. Efforts have to be made on reducing post-harvest losses and utilising/avoiding market gluts, improvement in product management and utilisation strategy, including processing and systematic marketing. Improved marketing information system has also to be developed. Important vegetable crops which hold promise in cultivation are onion, bhindi, chilli, bitter gourd, tomato, potato, brinjal, cauliflower, peas, bottle gourd and cucumber. The thrusts have to be decided for programmes on a long term and short-term basis. In addition, some medicinal and aromatic plants also need promotion in cultivation for use in the therapeutic and pharmaceutical industry.


  • Delhi is the capital of India and one of the most developed cities in the nation with highly developed connectivity through major air routes globally
  • Delhi has an urbanization rate of 97.5% and the seventh busiest metro network in the world
  • National Capital Region (NCR) is India’s biggest milk market and the milk market in the region, estimated at 5 mn liters per day, is growing at 6-8 percent annually


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