HVAC systems can broadly be segmented into three categories—heating, ventilation, and cooling. Heating systems are widely used in applications such as space heating, molding, floor and wall heating, and tensile testing. Ventilation systems remove excess humidity, odors, pollutants, and other contaminants from the indoor area. It is the most energy-efficient and cost-effective method to reduce temperature and improve indoor air quality.
The fundamental requirement of any food production unit is to have a properly cool and clean processing room. The HVAC systems are the most critical control points in the overall management of the food processing plants and must be maintained as per the guidelines in order to knock out any airborne pathogens, allergens and other potentially harmful components. The colder temperatures prove to be a hindrance for the growth of bacteria. Hence, having a properly maintained and controlled system is a basic requirement.
Amount of energy needed for food and beverage processing
Overview of the advantages of using air humidification in the Food Processing industry
Improper ventilation is a disaster for the food processing plant. It can lead to the flow of odours that impart undesirable flavours to the processed food products. It is advised that there should be a sufficient number of air changes and proper filtration must also take place. It is estimated that as the number of products rises, a minimum of 15-20 air changes per hour can be sufficient. Some cleaner rooms and specific products require more complete air changes per hour to ensure minimal bacteria exposure and longer shelf life.
HVAC system market was valued at USD 181.00 Billion in 2018 and is expected to reach USD 251.60 Billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 6.80?tween 2018 and 2023. Factors that are driving the growth of the market include increasing demand for HVAC systems for reducing energy consumption, extreme weather conditions, government tax credit and rebate programs, and growing demand for HVAC systems to upgrade old systems.
Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) units add to the aesthetic value of residential and commercial places. Companies are heavily investing in R&D to manufacture innovative products such as hybrid HVAC equipment that uses multiple sources of energy for heating and cooling applications. For instance, Trane offers a dual fuel XL16c EarthWise Hybrid heating system, a hybrid heating and cooling system which combines a heat pump and dual-stage furnace contained in a single cabinet.
Technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), automated control systems, and remote control access are transforming HVAC equipment. Automated control systems detect the surrounding climate and automatically control the temperature and fan speed to offer optimum comfort. Remote control access allows users to operate connected systems through mobile applications with the help of the internet. IoT-enabled HVAC units can be connected to the internet and can provide real-time information about the condition of the systems to users and manufacturers, helping them anticipate defects and reduce maintenance costs.