Agriculture is a labour-intensive process which cannot be done by hands. Therefore, it is necessary to use tools and machines to carry out agricultural processes. These are known as agricultural implements or agricultural tools.
There is a wide range of agricultural equipment that is used in today’s farming: such implements can be purchased new or used, both through private sellers as well as through trusted farm equipment plow suppliers and manufacturers.
Soil Cultivation Implements
Indian agricultural implements market size in 2019
The Indian agricultural implements market was worth US$ 9.7 Billion in 2019. Agricultural implements consist of a wide range of manual and mechanical tools such as threshers, cultivators, over plows, seed drills, chaff cutter machines, axes, etc. They help in reducing labor and improving the efficiency of agricultural activities. India has achieved considerable progress in the field of agricultural implements over the past decades. At the time of Independence, Indian farmers mostly used animal operated implements (such as bullock-drawn plows and wooden planks) and hand tools (including spades, pick axes, crowbars, sickles and choppers) for pulverization, compaction and smoothening of the soil. Later, the Green Revolution brought about large-scale farm mechanization which encouraged a significant number of farmers to opt for modern agricultural implements including combine harvesters, rice trans-planters, power tillers, threshers, tractors, pumping sets, etc.
In India, the growing incomes of the farmers have boosted the demand for farm implements. In addition, acute shortage of skilled labor for agricultural activities has further led to the growing demand for agricultural equipment. Moreover, the attractive subsidies provided by the Central and State governments have also encouraged farmers to purchase modern agricultural implements.
Indian Agricultural Implements Market Trends:
From 56.5% in 1950-51 to ~17% in 2016-17, the share of Agriculture in India's GDP has been on a continuous decline. The reversal of this decline, will be critical to ensuring India's GDP consistently grows at over 8% in the times to come. Agriculture plays a vital role in India's economy. Over 58 per cent of rural households depend on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood. The government has realized that to catapult India into 8% GDP growth trajectory, will only be possible if all the three sectors i.e. Agriculture and Allied, Industry and Services, grows in tandem from strength to strength.
Farm mechanization in India is 40 percent compared to 95 percent in the US and Western Europe, 80 percent in Russia, 75 percent in Brazil and 48 percent in China and hence is a gap which will have to be filled for infusing growth momentum in the sector. Mechanisation can result in savings of 15-20 percent in seed and fertilizer consumption, savings in time and labour costs and the enhancement of farm productivity.
The Indian agriculture has undergone a sea change i.e. from manual and bullock farming to utilization of improved equipment and power farming and has resulted in increasing the cropping intensity. India does not need to import tractors, combine harvesters and other improved equipment, which are available within the country. Specialized equipment for cultivation of vegetables, oilseeds and other cash crops, however, need to be imported/developed to increase productivity of these crops to with the developed countries in the world.
With a view to enhancing the pace of agricultural mechanization, the Government has laid emphasis to provide financial assistance to the farmers and other target groups for the purchase of different kinds of farm equipment, demonstration of new equipment among farmers for the spread of new technology, human resource development in operation, maintenance/ repairs and management of agricultural machinery and the quality improvement through testing and evaluation besides institutional credit & fiscal measures. The Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institutes at Budni (M.P.), Hissar (Haryana), Garladinne (A.P.) and Bishwanath Chariali (Assam) established by the Government have playing a vital role in promoting agricultural mechanization.
Constraints in promotion of mechanization
The constraints in promotion of mechanization include the varied requirement of equipment for each agro climatic zone, the small and fragmented land holding, low investment capacity of the farmers, inadequate irrigation facilities, know how status of the farmers, repairs & maintenance facilities etc.