The Indian apiculture market size in 2019
The current size of bee colonies in India
Expected number of Honey bees in 2020
India today has about thirty lakh bee colonies which produce 94.5 thousand MT of Honey, considering the modern beekeeping which arrived in India only three decades ago with the advent of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), today India has 35 lakh bee colonies as compared to 8 lakh bee colonies in 2005-06. The number of bookkeeping companies and societies has also incremented and as of January 2019, there are 9091 registered people in apiary business.
As per Food and Agricultural Organization database, in 2017-18, India ranked eighth in the world in terms of honey production (64.9 thousand tonnes) while China stood first with a production level of 551 thousand tonnes. Further, beekeeping can be an important contributor in achieving the 2022 target of doubling farmer incomes.
Honey bees not only produce honey; they also pollinate the crops to get higher yield and a better quality of produce. It has been found that if the pollination is well-managed, crop yields increased by a significant median of about 24% and the efficient pollination of flowers also helps to protect the crops against pests. So, beekeeping is the best Agri-Business in current situations, especially for the rural areas, where it can act as a secondary source of extra income. Beekeeping cannot be restricted to honey only, products such as royal jelly, bee wax, pollen, propolis and bee venom are also marketable at a good price and can help the farmers to enhance their revenue.
Besides honey bee, farmers get various other products by honey bees such as Bee Wax, Royal Jelly, Propolis or bee glue, Bee Pollen and Bee venom. All these products are very beneficial for humans and highly-priced in the market. Let's take a short view on these products and their market value.
India's most trusted brand Dabur sells honey at the price of Rs 395 per Kg, Baba Ramdev's Patanjali honey costs Rs 275 per kg, Apis Himalaya honey sells 2 kgs honey at just Rs 366 and so on. Only some organic honey costs high but mostly available under 1000 Rs in market or e-commerce sites.
Being a natural product with a high medicinal value Bee venom's costs from Rs 10,000 to Rs 12,000 a gm in Indian markets. However, if the bee venom is of very high quality, its price can vary, depending upon the cost of production, packaging, manufacturers' expenses, analysis price, dealer's commission, etc.
Beeswax is a real organic wax created by honey bees. Its average price in the market is Rs 300 to 350 per kg. It is eatable too. It is used as a lubricant and waterproofing agent, for making candles, shoe polish, cosmetics, crayons, metal casting, vehicle, and floor polish, varnish, gum, carbon paper, electrical appliances, fabric industry, and food processing and packaging.
Royal jelly is used in medication, beauty care products, and as a dietary enhancement. Its cost varies nation to nation from Rs 4,000 to 5,000 a kg, and Rs 1.5 lakh to 1.8 lakh if processed or frozen. Indiamart sells processed Royal jelly at Fresh Royal Jelly at Rs 1.5 Lakh per kg. Around half a kg royal jelly can be extracted from a box per year.
Propolis is another significant honeybee product. Propolis is utilized in human and veterinary medications and its cost differs from Rs 500 to Rs 2,000 for each kg.
Bee pollen average price in the Indian market is about Rs 1250 per kg which can vary upon its quality. A beekeeper can collect around 25 gm pollen every day from one colony
Initiatives by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare