India, contribution in global fish production
Fish production in 2018-19
Export of Marine Product
Statewise Fish Production in India
Andhra Pradesh, which captured 3.45 mt of fish, topped the Indian States, followed by West Bengal which accounted for 1.74 mt. While Andhra Pradesh, retained the top position in inland capture fisheries with 2.85 mt, Gujarat with 7.01 lakh tonnes was number one in marine fisheries. There has been steady growth in the export of fish and fish products from India.
During 2017-18, the volume of fish and fish products exported was 1.38 mt and ?45,107 crores in value. The export of marine fish products registered an annual growth of 21.35 per cent in volume and 19.11 per cent growth in value.
West Bengal: Catla is a prominent freshwater fish of West Bengal. About 17.42 lakh tonnes of fish were produced inland as well as exported too from West Bengal. Most people are unaware of the term ‘Aquaculture’. It is referred to as fish farming.
Gujarat: Not many are aware but, Gujarat is a leading fish producer and exporter too. The state ranks on the third position in many websites with total production of 8.35 lakh tonnes in fish business. Gujarat is also an awardee for open sea cage fish farming.
Kerala enjoys the fourth rank with total of 6.85 lakh tonnes of fish production. Karimeen fish is very popular in Kerala. Let us find out about the other top states in India based on fish production.
Tamil Nadu enjoys great prominence in commercial fish production and farming. Fish like Rohu, Snakehead, Catla, and Tilapia are in demand from here. The total production from Tamil Nadu is about 6.82 lakh tonnes.
Goa, Daman, and Diu:
Fish consumption is most in Goa. Every year, about 6.57 million metric tons of fish are produced by Goa. The important fish to remember from Goa are Mackerel, Shrimp, Pomfret, Sardine, and some more. It is one of the top states in India based on fish production.
Total fish production in India was 12.59 million tonnes (mt) and the country exported 1.38 mt fish and fish products with a value of over ?45,000 crores in 2017-18, while inland capture fisheries accounted for 8.9 mt, the share of marine fisheries was 3.69 mt. India is currently the second-largest producer of fisheries after China.
Growth in production
The total fish production in 2017-18 was 10.14 per cent more than 11.43 mt produced in 2016-17. Inland fisheries, which grew at 14.05 per cent accounted for much of the growth. Marine fisheries production, on the other hand, went up by only 1.73 per cent in 2017-18.
The government had drawn up plans to increase marine exports to Rs.1 lakh crore over the next five years. Towards this, the Centre will invest Rs.25,000 crores in the fisheries sector.
Investment in infra
The funds will be used mainly for improving fishing infrastructure and strengthening processing and post-harvest management. The Centre has already extended financial support to the States to develop fishing harbours in seven major ports and commissioned 181 fish landing centres. Currently, the productivity of India’s inland fisheries is just 3 tonnes per hectare, which Singh said needs to be improved substantially.
While the government cannot force people to eat fish, the growing protein intake in the country would lead to more people opting for fish. As against a global average of 25 kg per annum, Indian’s protein intake is less than 5 kg per year. This is expected to go up significantly in the coming years.
Indicative Opportunity in Fisheries & Marine Sector
Technology & Equipment Suppliers
Upgradation and capacity expansion for cold chain.
Innovations in packaging for increased shelf life and product differentiation.
Infrastructure development for fishing harbours/landing centres/wholesale markets as per international standards.
Value addition and product development, especially RTE/RTC products for the domestic as well as an export market
Potential to process value-added products with Indian taste like fish/shrimp pickle, fish/shrimp curry, skewers, marinated fish with Indian spices etc.